As promised, here are some thoughts on Wesley’s thoughts on spiritual reading.
First, go and read his brief introduction to The Christian’s Pattern, Wesley’s abridgement of The Imitation of Christ by Thomas a Kempis. A non-copyright edition is available through Google Books. My thanks to Liam for making me aware of this fact.
In our world of instant, consumable media such as blogging, newspapers, TV, magazines, etc, Wesley’s advice goes somewhat against the grain. His first piece of advice? Find an assigned time for reading your spiritual book (in this case, The Christian’s Pattern). Same time every day. Don’t give it up unless absolutely necessary, and then reassign your time for reading to time as close to the original as possible. Most of us tend to read whatever we want whenever we want. Wesley urges not to do this.
This first piece of advice is actually quite good. It is sensible for someone who has limited time and a specific book to work through. The establishment of a routine can be the establishment of a good habit. By doing our spiritual reading at the same time every day, we are less likely to forget about or let it slide to the wayside. And if we keep it up for 40 days, it becomes a habit. Some habits are good and worth keeping.
Second, he encourages the reader to read with purity of intention. We are supposed to prepare our hearts and minds for reading. We are to read prayerfully, asking God to enlighten us through the reading, to make us attuned to what he is saying. Most of us just grab a book/computer/magazine/whatev and plunge in with no preparation or time for self-examination.
I like this second piece of advice. Clearing your mind of the detritus of the day before engaging in any task that requires mental preparation just makes sense. You are less likely to be distracted and more likely to follow Kierkegaard: “Purity of Heart Is to Will One Thing.”
Third, we are not simply to burn through our spiritual reading like it’s a thriller by Frank Peretti, Dan Brown, or Daniel Defoe. We are to read “leisurely, seriously, and with great attention.” We are reading for our own profit. We are to read and reread until we thoroughly understand what is being said and have applied to our lives. If something is of especial profit to us, we should go over it and meditate on it more than once, trying to appropriate the lesson for how we ought to live. Again, most of us are careless in our reading. We read quickly and for pleasure, not slowly and with leisure. If we wish to have our souls scoured and made clean by the spiritual books in our lives, Wesley urges us to slow down.
If we read slowly, carefully, and methodically, our reading is more likely to have a lasting impact upon the way we think and live. I think we need to engage in this kind of reading more than once a week (if we are readers, that is), and possibly every day. I have read a lot of stuff about spirituality and the Bible, but very little had truly soaked into me. Perhaps if I followed John Wesley’s advice on spiritual reading, it will finally soak in and transform who I am, how I live, what I think. And perhaps I’ll more easily be ready for the movement of the Spirit when He says, “This part here — not such a good idea…”
Fourth, John Wesley exhorts his readers to stir themselves up to “a temper correspondent with what you read.” The idea is that we are more than mere intellects but are also spirits and bodies, with emotions and passions. This paragraph is a reminder that John Wesley is the man whose “heart was strangely warmed,” a man who once had an experience that looks suspiciously like “being ‘slain’ in the Spirit” to my eyes, the man who gave Hooker’s three-legged stool a fourth leg, that of experience.
I understand what this fourth piece of advice is driving at. However, it seems the most suspect to me, to someone of academic training, to someone who, since high school at least, has been told to set aside passions and emotions when approaching a text. A text is to be studied with the intellect alone. To bring the bundle of emotions and passions that make me me is to compromise my point of view, to ruin my objectivity. I am, as a result, not sure how far to go with Wesley on this fourth piece of advice.
Finally, he exhorts the reader to conclude with a prayer. This is sensible advice. We are to lead lives soaked in prayer, imbued with the very presence of God in all that we do. We should begin and end all activities with prayer; we should also pray in the midst of them.
This little introduction also serves as a reminder that John Wesley was a Methodist before he wasn’t an Anglican.